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Usenet NBA Mock Draft: The 1st place to geek out about the next class of rookies entering the NBA

People are always fond of free stuff, especially if they are available on the Internet. However, the consequences are not positive when a platform, which was meant for communication, becomes congested by free stuff.

That is precisely what Usenet is all about. The protocols date back to around four decades and is a key hub for sharing files today. In its simplest form, Usenet can be looked upon as an online protocol aimed at conversations. However, things changed when the public realized that binary files can be passed through it.

Why was there a dramatic shift in Usenet’s digital role over time?

It was in 1979 when a couple of students from Duke University introduced the idea of “netnews.” There were several rounds of improvements before the service came to be known as Usenet. The protocol was initially referred to as “A-News” before a chain of improvements took leverage of the UUCP or Unix-to-Unix protocol.

It is a distributed technique to copy files between computing devices, which was constructed alongside the network, then known as ARPANET. The ARPANET later came to be known as what we refer to as the Internet today. The protocol became compatible with this network.

Two software developers- Jim Ellis and Tom Truscott ensured that the software could be made available to all Unix hosts. It took just a few years for the protocol to emerge as one of the preferred ways to communicate across the Internet. The network was still in its formative years then.

The creation of Usenet originated from the idea that computing devices were transitioning into sophisticated devices for holding conversations. There were so much conversation and communication going on. Usenet could be compared to today’s Reddit except that it did not have a true owner and was decentralized.

However, the roots of this protocol lied in UUCP, which was a peer—to—peer mechanism for sharing files when it is broken down. It also signified that it was an effective means to share files. While the protocol was designed to just share text, programmers decided to enhance the technology.

A graduate student of the University of California Berkeley, Mary Ann Horton, was engaged in designing the early protocols of UUCP. She assisted in creating a link between the broader Internet and the protocol. Horton was highly influenced by what eventually became Usenet.

Horton used her special skills to further give a shape to Usenet. She further improvised on the work done by Ellis and Truscott. It was the same time when the developer was given the responsibility for creating a piece of software called Uuencode. It would eventually emerge as the solution to the legacies of Usenet, as well as email.

Uuencode

The software had some functional similarities to today’s.zip file format. It effectively functioned as a link between raw text and binary files. When one runs a Uuencode command on any binary file, the result would be some jumbled texts. A second user can use this command to convert the text file into a binary file.

The software was extremely useful because of its usage in email attachments. It also came in handy for distributing binary codes through Usenet. A web browser is adequately smart to decode the blocks of gibberish text. There are commands, which are not readable by humans to make them function in that system.

However, Uuencode came with its share of imperfections. Its text encoding was not always resourceful. The wastes were including more overhead. Also, there were more complications in the encoded text files than they were meant to be. However, there have been improvisations in that idea since then.

However, there was effectiveness in enabling the file transfer on a large scale. The software was particularly useful to distribute files via Usenet. The reason is the encoded file would be transferring between waystations.

Usenets decentralized nature- a limitation?

The decentralized design of Usenet made it tough to filter out and omit the unwanted stuff and spam. For instance, the FBI could not terminate a Usenet group even when it was unlawfully sharing episodes of a TV sitcom.

However, Internet Service Providers had the liberty to decide not carrying newsgroups. Several legitimate newsgroups that did not infringe the copyright or have explicit content were affected because of this. However, such changes did not kill Usenet though it was a big wound to its popularity.

How Usenet- A Formative Online Protocol Intended for Conversations Turned into A Major Hub for File Sharing Over Time?

The Usenet server has become a popular tool among internet users. The server has been gaining prominence over the year and its market share has been on an upward trend. The high demand for Usenet is driven mostly due to a large plethora of internet users seeking safe and secured server access. The newsgroup with an exclusive set of user makes the space ideal for those seeking a change from the ad heavy World Wide Web.

The initial popularity of Usenet was their safe and private server network. The end-to-end encrypted connection was secured compared to World Wide Web. The service was exclusive to its users, which allowed for private message groups and discussion groups. There was no ad presence in Usenet as the services were paid. So for those seeking a break from the unsecured and ad-heavy World Wide Web network, Usenet was a deserving break. We will discuss in detail why Usenet still makes sense and how its use has seen a shift over the last few years.

Why Usenet Makes Sense?

The internet space has become increasingly a high traffic source with low security. The amount of data stolen from servers world over has been on a high for a while now. These makes use of private encrypted networks a much required tool for many. The end to end encryption provided by virtual private networks help maintain anonymity in the internet space.

Another major source of annoyance with the conventional world wide web is the presence of advertisement. As a high traffic source, the need for sustenance for World Wide Web servers has increasingly become dependent upon advertisements for revenue. This has led to surge in free platforms filled with ad bombs, ad walls which can be quite annoying for many. This makes virtual private networks the right choice for many. The ad free interface, with a secured connection makes it the ideal choice for those seeking a change from the saturated World Wide Web space.

How Usenet Developed into A File Sharing Platform?

The Usenet news group was what attracted many internet users into the network initially. The opportunity to chat in a private space which is encrypted, allowed freedom to discuss various topics. However, as the servers gained in popularity and competition mounted, the services offered started to extend beyond access to news group.

Usenet service providers started providing secured connection, unlimited download options and high-speed connectivity among others.

A standard XS Usenet service package includes the following options for the paid members, such as:

  • Unlimited Speed
  • Unlimited Data Fair Use Policy
  • More Than 1000 days of retention (will discuss retention in detail later)
  • Multiple Connection
  • Full Encryption
  • Secure Socket Layer
  • Free Posting

How Data Retention Changed The Use Of Usenet?

Usenet’s servers provides something called as the Data Retention. It is the amount of days data is stored in the Usenet server. So if an Usenet server is providing 1000 days of retention, it means the files uploaded onto the Usenet Newsgroup will be available to download for the next 1000 days. This hascatapulted Usenet towards a file sharing service. Usenet’s users has used the platform to share files with each other. The files are available in the server for a long duration making them an ideal place to store your files virtually.

The various Usenet platform provides up to 1000 days and more of data retention. This would mean a file uploaded onto the newsgroups are available for a period of around 1000 days. With unlimited data fair use policy, newsgroups have seen the widespread use of the opportunity. There has been extensive file sharing among users in the Usenet network. This has completely changed the way Usenet is used by modern users. From the days of discussion groups, which was the basis of Newsgroup in its early years, the service has slowly been shifting towards a file sharing platform.

How to Get Started with XS Usenet? A Complete Usenet Tutorial.

Usenet Tutorial

With the vast popularity in Internet services, the outcome has been a wide network of often unsecured data networks. The result has been a host of private user networks that has cropped up. The Usenet is one such popular media downloading website that has been around for a while now. The Usenet community has been growing steadily over the years ever since the World Wide Web got plagued by ad bombs. Although the use set services come at a premium price, but that’s a small price to pay for ad-free use experience.

In this article, we will discuss the complete step-by-step guide to opening your own user account in usenet.com and enjoy the host of media available to download at break neck speeds.

Why Usenet?

There are many reasons for getting a Usenet account such as:

  • 1. High Speed Connection- Usenet services use dedicated servers strategically located. This allows super-fast download speed compared to World Wide Web network.
  • 2. Easy Signing Up options available. There are free trial periods for new users to experience before subscribing.
  • 3. Numerous connections and unlimited bandwidth – Some of the Usenet websites provide up to 50 connection simultaneously. This ensures super-fast connection and quick downloads/uploads.
  • 4. There are no contract periods for most of the Usenet services. So you can cancel and opt out anytime you would prefer.

How to Setup Useet Account?

You need to set up a user account any of the Usenet communities like XS Usenet. There are various subscription options available to choose from. The package would differ mostly upon number of connections, the speed provided and added facilities such as adding files and SSL connections etc. First time users can also opt for a trial period to try the services before opting for a package. Trial packages are normally free and would come with a defined data limit.

Getting A News Client

The next step after setting up a Usenet account would be to get a news client. These are sort of news readers which will perform the task of sorting out news groups and also search for any new news groups. The news groups are an important part of Usenet. They allow for users to post news in different categories throughout the Usenet community. They also serve as discussion groups and share information. There are a number of news clients. Some of them are paid subscriptions and some are free.

Understand The NZB (Newsbin) Files

Most of the important Usenet group releases are done with a NZB package. The NZB files are basically packages of uploaded files in the Usenet community. They contain all the relevant information pertaining to the released/shared file. Details such as when the file was posted, the group it was posted in and the header, content details. NZB allows users to download files directly from the packages filtering out the reference details of the file. In simple terms, NZB files will locate and download your relevant files.

It is recommended to get a separate NZB service to list and manage your NZB files. There are many free and subscribed services available.

To download a NZB files, open your Usernet account, search for different newsgroup readers service from the available list and download to create a NZB file.

Some Tips For Using Usenet Servers

  • 1. It is always advised to abide by the rules and regulations of newsgroup communities. Every newsgroup could have its own code of conduct for the members. Always read through any rule or FAQ documents after joining a newsgroup.
  • 2. Paid NZB subscriptions are advised for ease of access and hassle-free download. Do plan your budget before subscribing to one.
  • 3. Every newsgroups in Usenet are diverse in nature. Always be mindful in your conduct and try not to use offensive language.

Usenet Facts: Things you should know about Usenet

Usenet facts

What was there on the internet before the World Wide Web came into picture? Where was WWW & Google’s launch announced? How did students of different universities communicate before blogs, forums, or even the World Wide Web came into existence?

Well, the answer to all those questions is Usenet.

Usenet was used in the pre-web years as a medium to connect with different people. It was two students – Tom Truscott & Jlim Ellis – of Duke University that first came up with the idea about Usenet. They replaced it with the local news announcement program. Usenet also helped to establish a link with other universities.

Usenet is quite interesting, right? Then you should know 4 important things about it.

Usenet & Culture references

Usenet has given birth to a lot of web culture references that are still used widely online and some are even used ‘IRL’. Here are some of them:

  • Flame
  • FAQ
  • Sockpuppet
  • Spam
  • WTF
  • ROFL

 Flame

Flaming is the term used to describe the act of posting insult comments, posts, etc, online and creating a war of words, throwing illogical insults at each other.

How is it related to Usenet? Meow Wars, an early example of flame war, which was sent over the Usenet in 1996 and ended somewhere around 1998. The first Meow War was between some Harvard University Students & the members of the Beavis and Butthead fan group.

 FAQ

FAQ’s origin goes back to NASA’s attempt of trying to stop answering repetitive right answers in the mail to the already archived questionnaire. (This is the pre-web period)

The same format was taken and used in Usenet. First, as a monthly update then it turned into weekly & finally into a daily frequency. Jef Poskanzer was the first person to make the weekly FAQ & Eugene Miya was the first person to experiment with the daily FAQ.

 Spam

Multiple repetitive messages used to flood all the newsgroups of Usenet, similar to the spam emails we get daily. In the 1990s, “Make Money Fast” was in high circulation in all the newsgroups, making them full of spam messages.

You would be surprised to know that until 1998, the New Oxford Dictionary of English used to define ‘spam’ in relation to a trademarked food product. But it changed after it of course and Usenet is the one to thank!

Usenet Was Originally Made For Academia

You would be surprised to know that Usenet’s initial periods had no visual/audio (images, videos or audios) facility. In fact, it was born out of two students from Duke University and was used as a medium to discuss academia. And it was used to communicate between different universities in regard to projects, journals, etc.

However, it soon became popular and a lot of public & private groups were created for different segments of people to discuss, talk & share. These groups are not particularly about academia but also for trivial things like a fan club of some celebrity.

Even today, you can find people who love Usenet as much as other netizens love social networks like Instagram, etc.

Usenet Was Text-Only Until The Late 90s

Back then, Usenet was a text-only network. It gained 50 member sites in just the first year of its launch. However, like other social networks, it spread quickly among different universities and soon gained a lot of traction from people who didn’t belong to any university.

However, Usenet is still a text-only platform but since 1997, people are sharing media files by encoding the graphics into binary code. The receiver would then translate the binary code to see the original form of message.

Despite Everything Usenet Is Still Going Strong

Many service providers like AT&T previously mentioned shutting down the access to Usenet. However, Usenet is still very popular among the right netizens. The number of daily posts & transfer of daily volume of data is steadily increasing each year.

Did you know? Compared to other video sharing sites, Usenet is still a better & safer way of sharing videos. And if you are a member of XS Usenet you will receive SSL encryption for better security along with great speeds compared to other providers. And do you know the best part about using XS Usenet? You get a free lifetime plan, unlike other Usenet providers.

The History of the alt. hierarchy

The Alt. Hierarchy was a major transformation that enabled a better distribution chain in the newsgroup postings. The alt. hierarchy, coined and developed by Brian Reid was a revolutionary transformation of the Great Renaming of 1987.

They are often referred to as backbone carriers” or the backbone cabal by the user of the Usenet. There was an effort to alter the organization of the newsgroups which led to few objections by some vocal users. The initial idea of the talk.* hierarchy specifically for the discussion of certain controversial or highly sensitive issues by the renaming did not go down too well.

The alt.hierarchy as developed by Brian Reid was an alternative to the talk.*. It was designed as a network without any backbones which made it an independent network for the creation or non-creation by a new newsgroup.

For the developer Brian Reid, who was a member of the Backbone Cabal, the idea was to create a brand new hierarchy. With the renaming of the popular mod.gourmand group of which he was a moderator. Under the new naming structure, the group was initially called as rec.food.recipes, a comparatively unattractive and more compelling sounding group than its predecessor.

The alt refers to the fact that it’s a hierarchy that serves as an alternative to the mainstream hierarchies such as comp, misc, news, sci, soc, rec, and talk. It made alt.hierarchy a perfect place for a variety of topics that normally didn’t fit anywhere else.

For example, there are a number of alt.fan newsgroups which are dedicated to discussing the work and lifestyle of many famous people like writers, musicians, actors, sportspersons, etc. The sub.hierarchy tag has also been used by many known people looking to promote themselves or their work.

Many trials of famous people finds alt. hierarchy discuss threads, a popular topic of discussion among the users, such as the trial of Karla Homolka.

Usenet Newsgroups

A Usenet Newsgroup is a database or repository which exist within the Usenet system. The idea is for posting messages from various different locations using the Internet network. They are classified as strictly discussion groups that must refrain from posting mainstream news. The Usenet Newsgroup is fundamentally distinct from the discussion groups of the World Wide Web. Though there are similarities in its function with discussion groups, newsreader software is needed to read all the messages in a newsgroup. Before the popularity of the world wide web, the Usenet newsgroups were a popular medium of debate and discussion among users. It provided a private advertisement free medium unlike the revenue infused world wide web. In recent times, the newsgroup has further shrunk in its user base after the arrival of easier and more user-friendly modes of interaction such as Facebook, Twitter.

alt. hierarchy

The alt.hierarchy is a class of newsgroups among Usenet users. It contains all the newsgroups whose names would begin with “alt.” and organized hierarchically. alt.* hierarchy is not only confined to just the newsgroups of a specific subject or type. But in practice, formally organized forms of groups do not tend to occur in alt.*.

Unlike other hierarchies, alt hierarchy has no centralized control and anybody who is technically proficient in the creation of a newsgroup can do it.

In actual practice, most newsgroups follow a highly informal procedure of public discussion following alt.config before it was created.

This added procedure is designed so as to enable potential creators to better understand what different factors would contribute to a newsgroup’s success.

The news administrator has control over whether to add a new newsgroup. They may choose not to do so if the idea of the group has not been pre-discussed in alt.config.

This allows for groups to not follow a procedure defined from before and usually don’t get propagated.

The removal of a newsgroup occurs in a similar way to its creation. As a standard practice, a newsgroup administrator refrains from removing a newsgroup

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